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INC.ubator to help hatch student run businesses

By Laurie Kaiser, courtesy of SUNY Buffalo State

After 11 years of teaching economics and finance at Buffalo state, associate professor Joelle Leclaire noticed a trend – more and more students were interested in starting their own business. 

“I actually took a survey of my Money and Banking class, and 30 out of 50 students raised their hands when I asked them if they wanted to be entrepreneurs,” said Leclaire. 

Apart from the expertise she shares from textbooks and her own business experience, Leclaire said she wanted to provide students with real-world opportunities to prepare them for such a future. 

“Most college students who want to start a business don’t know how,” said Leclaire. 

At the same time, Sue McCartney, director of the college’s Small Business Development Center (SBDC), and Rita Zientek, interim dean of the School of the Professions, were mulling over a similar idea. After a meeting at Buffalo State‘s Idea Lab this past fall, Leclaire put the concept forward, with the charge, “Let’s make this happen.” 

Students now have a place on campus to gain support, hear from professional business owners and collaborate. Buffalo State’s INC.ubator is more than just a space; it’s a haven for the birth of ideas. And it’s only open to Buffalo State students. 

During the semester, as part of Year of the Innovator, the SBDC and the INC.ubator will host regular speakers and events to help direct students through their entrepreneurial aspirations. 

“We plan to bring in business owners, young and old, male and female, who started from nothing and have built successful businesses, some of which are multimillion-dollar companies,” said Leclaire.  “We also envision this as a meeting place that not only can be used for networking, but also for motivation.” 

Rick Johnson, manager for economic development in the Sponsored Programs Office, created the applications for students wanting to be part of the INC.ubator, and Simone Dawson, a Buffalo State senior who works for the SBDC, will serve as the INC.ubator manager this spring. 

The first official gathering in the INC.ubator room took place on February 13. “We plan to hold such meet-ups every two weeks until things get rocking,” McCartney said. 

The hunt for ‘exotic physics’ 

The team will be asking some bizarre questions. 

For example, Stojkovic’s portion of the research involves, among other things, a computer simulation called BlackMax that he created with colleagues. The program is what physicists call an “event generator,” and it will help researchers investigate one of the great questions in science today: What is dark matter? 

BlackMax shows what it would look like if a collision inside a particle accelerator regenerated various forms of “exotic physics” – phenomena beyond what scientists have observed in the real world. 

Researchers at the world’s most powerful particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider, use BlackMax to determine if their collision experiments are producing any of the anomalies the program simulates, including components of string theory or mini black holes. 

(If you’re worried that such black holes could destroy the Earth, don’t: Those that could be created at the Large Hadron Collider would have a lifetime or around 10 to the minus 27 seconds, “which is incredibly short,” Stojkovic says. “They will practically disappear in a burst of particles before they have any chance to suck even a single atom. BlackMax describes this process very precisely.”) 

So how does this relate to the NSF-funded project’s theme of using the small to investigate the big, and vice versa? 

The answer is that the curiosities explored by BlackMax are connected directly to the study of the universe. 

Here’s how: Today’s telescopes can only detect 4 percent of the stuff that makes up the cosmos. Scientists know the other 96 percent exists because it distorts space in a way that can be seen, but they don’t know what it is. This missing, invisible stuff is called “dark matter” and “dark energy.” 

According to Stojkovic, “Dark matter could be entirely comprised of tiny primordial black holes which were formed naturally in the early universe” they types of tiny black holes modeled by BlackMax. 

He says while this possibility may seem unlikely, the time has come for asking strange questions. 

“We need to ask strange questions, since nature sometimes uses logic superior to our own,” Stojkovic says. “Some of the phenomena we are exploring with BlackMax may sound unusual and, indeed, may not exist. But if we never ask the question, we’ll never find out. If we discover that they do exist, the implications will be enormous in terms of our understanding of our universe.” 

That’s science: many great discoveries and observed phenomena are totally bizarre. 

And if there were ever a time to explore odd possibilities, this is it. 

When scientists launched the Large Hadron Collider in 2008, one major objective was to find the Higgs boson, and extremely important fundamental particle that had been predicted by scientists but never before observed. The Higgs was discovered at the facility in 2012, marking the success of one of the greate4st scientific endeavors of our time. 

However, a second goal of scientists working with the collider proved more elusive: They had hoped the proton-proton collisions there would generate a new, never-before-seen zoo of particles, some of which would account for dark matter. But this has not happened, which suggests physicists may be looking for the wrong thing, or need to improve their search strategies, Stojkovic says. 

Enter BlackMax. 

As the Large Hadron Collider gears up for a new season this spring after a two-year break for maintenance, the program will be assisting scientists in their quest for dark matter. 

The UB researchers aren’t suggesting that all of the possibilities they are examining truly exist. They are, in fact, expecting that their work could generate negative results, possibly helping to debunk exotic theories. 

For the love of knowing 

Why does this research matter? 

It’s a question that Stojkovic, Kinney and Wackeroth hear all the time. One answer is spinoffs: Particle collider research has generated all sorts of new knowledge and machinery that could lead to advancements in fields from health care to computing. 

But at the heart of the matter is simple scientific curiosity – the joy of discovery. 

Kinney’s portion of the new NSF-funded project will involve studying various models of the early universe and explaining what new data from particle accelerators tells us about the properties of the infant cosmos. Wackeroth will be honing the accuracy of models showing what types of particles are produced at the Large Hadron Collider. 

To better understand the world around us – the origins of our universe and the smallest particles that make up the matter in the cosmos, on Earth and inside of each one of us – is aw worthwhile goal, the scientists say. 

“It brings society to a higher level,” Stojkovic says. 

Kinney explains the importance of basic science this way: “Electricity was once considered a parlor trick. Five hundred years ago, when it was shown that the sun was at the center of the solar system, it wasn’t necessarily clear why this mattered. It turned out that this realization was the key that allowed Newton to develop his laws of motion, which form the basis of our entire technological society today. 

“Now, we are again trying to understand the structure of the cosmos. The impact of what we’re learning cannot be measured, but we know that the questions we are asking are important. Fundamental discoveries drive progress in society in unpredictable ways.” 

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